The Ludlow Centennial Commission established on April 19th 2013 by executive order of Governor John Hickenlooper would like to announce a series of events planned for September 2013 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the call to strike on September 23rd and the 99th anniversary of the Ludlow Massacre. In the fall of 1913 miners went on strike demanding higher wages and safer working conditions. The strike lasted until December of 1914. The strike may have been completely ignored in the history books if it were not for a skirmish between striking miners and the Colorado National Guard, on April 20, 1914, resulting in the deaths of over 20 people including 11 children and 2 women. The Ludlow Massacre sparked a war in southern Colorado which ended with President Woodrow Wilson calling out federal troops to squelch the violence.
The commemoration of the Colorado Coalfield War will kick off on Thursday September 19th from 5 p.m to 8 p.m. at El Pueblo Museum, 301 N Union Ave with an opening reception of the “Children of Ludlow-Life in a Battlezone, 1913-1914” exhibit. Opening remarks will begin at 6 p.m. Sponsored by Black Hills Energy, the exhibit focuses on the experiences of children during the harsh winter of 1913. The exhibit will be on display from September 2013 to December 2014.
The highlight of the events in September will be held on Sunday, September 22 at 11 a.m. at the Ludlow Memorial. The United Mine Workers of America will have their annual gathering, a service and barbeque, commemorating the Coal Mine Strikes. Notable speakers include Zeese Papanikolas, author of Buried Unsung. This service marks the date that the Colorado Coal Miners’ Strike began in Colorado in 1913.
Other events scheduled for September include:
Thursday , September 5, 7:00p.m. – 8:30p.m. Award winning author Thomas G. Andrews will talk about his book Killing for Coal at The Rawlings Public Library 100. E. Abriendo Ave. Pueblo in the 4th Floor Ryals Room.
Saturday, September 14, Bessemer Historical Society Coal Camp Tour to Berwind Canyon. The bus tour will include tours of CF&I’s former coal camp of Rouse, Berwind, Toller, Tobasco, Aguilar and Ludlow. Lunch, presentation commemorative booklet, and transportation will be provided. Contact the Bessemer Historical Society for more information (719) 564-9086.
Sunday, September 15, 2 p.m. “Ludlow Debates” (1904) Arts Council Hall at 2nd and Petroleum Avenue, Florence. The audience is encouraged to come dressed in 1900’s mill worker or miner dress to this theater in the round format program. The debate will be between actors portraying Gov. Peabody, speaking for Owners; a UMWA organizer, speaking for organized labor; and Mother Jones speaking for the miners.
Saturday, September 21, 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. “Family and Community” at the Bloom Mansion in the Museum Education Center in Trinidad. The program will include a presentation “The Life and times of a Coal Miner and His Family.” Program, lunch and museum admission is $13 for History Colorado members and Trinidad History Museum Volunteers and $17 for the public. Register by noon on September 17 at 719-846-7217
Saturday, September 21 5 to 9:00 p.m. “Commemorating the Coal Mine Strikes of 1913-1914” in the Centennial Room of the Hellenic Community Center, 4610 East Alameda Avenue in Denver. Author’s Reception for Zeese Papanikolas, author of Buried Unsung, 5 to 7 p.m. $25. Cocktails and Mezethes (hors d’oeuvres) will be served. Papanikolas will present 7 to 9 p.m. Admission for the presentation only is $5. Papanikolas will talk about the Ludlow labor strike which ended on April 20, 1914 with the death of Louis Tikas, (Elias Anastasiou Spantidakis), a young Cretan who was the main labor union organizer for the striking coal miners at the Ludlow Mine. RSVP by September 13, 2013 to Elaine Callas Williams 303.881.4780.
More information regarding the Commission and these events is available online at
Ludlow100.org or on Facebook at Ludlow Centennial Commemoration
or by contacting Commission co-Chairs Fawn-Amber Montoya at email@example.com or Dawn DiPrince at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Editorial Eslabon announces the publication of 106013 by Reyes Martinez Lopez. For more information, or to purchase a copy, contact: Editorial Eslabon, PO Box 1253, Alamosa, CO, 81101, 719-480-1436, email@example.com
Four CSU-Pueblo students, all minoring in Chicano Studies, presented yesterday at the Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Social Imagery (SISSI) in Colorado Springs. The students, Maria Zavala, Herio Rosales, Stephanie Carabajal and Mario Ruiz, conducted interviews in the Archives with Chicano vets and did research in the Chicano Movement Archives. Their topics included Project Adelante, social and psychological aspects of Vietnam, Chicano Studies teaching in Pueblo schools and Latino decisions to join the military. We are VERY proud of them! It’s a big deal for an undergraduate to present at a scholarly conference. This is the third year that CSUP students have used archival materials as the basis for a SISSI presentation. The presentations were part of the classwork for Dr. Fawn Amber Montoya’s capstone history class.
Noted author and educator, Deborah Martinez Martinez, recently donated a series of interviews that she conducted as part of the research for her PhD dissertation, “The cultural context of leadership: Ethnic culture, leadership development, and Colorado Chicanas and Chicanos.”
Interviewees include: Deborah Espinosa-Mora, Josephine Benavidez, Charlie Jaquez, Ray Aguilera, Judge Dennis Maes, Jose ‘Rudy’ Padilla, Maria Mondragon-Valdez, Marguerite Salazar, Rita J. Martinez, and Maria P. Subia. The cassette tapes are currently being digitized, but transcripts of the interviews are available in the Archives.
The Penitentes were a Hispanic lay brotherhood which arose in the late 18th and early 19th centuries in northern New Mexico and southern Colorado and which practiced some unusual and controversial penitential rituals, including physical mortification.
The Archives recently received a collection of Penitente artifacts, photographs and papers from historian and collector Ruben Archuleta. A native of Antonito, Archuleta was Pueblo’s first Hispanic Chief of Police, retiring in 1999. He has authored four books, two of which detail the Penitentes’ interesting past. Ruben has produced numerous catlinite stone and wood sculptures which are available through galleries in Colorado and New Mexico. His sculpture work has been exhibited along with that of other noted artists from the Southwest. His 2003 book Land of the Penitentes, Land of Tradition provides an insight into the secretive life and history of the Penitentes based on the author’s experiences, family journals, interviews, and site visits in Colorado and New Mexico. He amassed a unique collection of Spanish and Penitente artifacts and documents, as well as documenting the Penitentes, their religious items and buildings called moradas through his photography.
An exhibit of items from the collection is on display in the University Archives & Special Collections, 6th floor of the University Library, through December 31, 2011.
Winners of the Time Capsule Essay Competition were announced on Thursday, April 28th. Herb Souza won 1st place, with Valerie Clementi and Matthew Banach taking Honorable Mentions. A committee composed of students, staff and faculty chose the winners of the contest anonymously out of a total of 16 entries. The winning essays will be placed in a time capsule in the University Archives to be opened in 2111.